Background and ContextIn my most active working years, I made reasonably good money and I saved most of it. (I was never a great consumer.) The result was that when I final bought a home, I paid off the mortgage in under 10 years. I continued to save most of what I earned, but that income started dropping rapidly several years ago. I now earn less than $10,000 annually, which means I have to rely on some of my savings to eat and pay property taxes and utilities. I could probably afford to see theatre, eat out occasionally, and treat myself to some nice things, but I am reluctant to draw down on my savings any more than absolutely necessary, since those investments represent my future survival. It also means that while I donate a very significant number of hours to charity and volunteer work, I do not contribute any cash to any worthy causes. I don't stress about money, but nor do I take good care of myself financially.
Introducing a GBILet us assume that the federal government introduces a GBI program whereby every permanent resident receives a guaranteed basic income of, say, $1,000 per month, tax-free. (A description of the general benefits, justifications, and responses to most common criticisms of GBI may be found in a previous post.) A Universal Basic Income (UBI) would give this money to everyone - a GBI might have some system whereby those earning more than, say, $48,000 per year would have a relative amount of the GBI paid back at tax time. It might thus make sense that anyone can opt in or out of the GBI at any time, no questions asked.
Speaking for myself, I could actually live on such a GBI - as in, pay all of the essential bills for my existing home and feed myself. It would not be a wonderful life if I relied on the GBI alone, but it could work. Now let's explore what would really change...
Perception of MoneyUnfortunately, money in the present reality represents survival. If I don't have money, I will be living a miserable existence on the street, with dire mental and physical health deficits. With A GBI in place, that perception changes dramatically. Money becomes something that I can use to improve my standard of living, or use as a tool of change, for myself or others. The rewards of earning money go beyond survival, allowing me to let my motivation for earning entirely match the incentive of my expected outcome.
InvestmentsBecause my investments have to fund my future, I can't presently take a chance on funding a friend's new business enterprise or select stocks and bonds based on things I believe in and choose to support. No, I have to put my money into places that will leverage interest and economic growth - concepts that I generally despise. A GBI, on the other hand, would mean that my future survival is not at risk. I can keep a store of savings for my own rainy day, and put the rest into projects I believe in - investments that may or may not preserve the original amount. Personally, I would be okay with that - if it meant that I wasn't putting my total well-being on the line.
Quality of LifeAs I said in the introduction, I don't stress about money, but I don't have a good relationship with it either. Generally speaking, I don't buy anything (except food). I don't see shows, I don't buy clothing or coffees, I don't spend a dime online, I don't own a cell phone, and the financial aspect of anything is always a carefully considered factor. While I would argue that you could still have a high quality of life under such circumstances, that won't be easy in today's world, and you will probably be missing out on a lot.
My default behaviour has always been to only spend money on discretionary items when I have money coming in. Savings are not for such things. A GBI would change that perspective, in that money would be coming in, so I would be more relaxed about spending it. I would no longer feel I have to add to my savings, so if there was money left over from my monthly GBI, it could go out freely.
Gifts and AltruismI am a strong believer in the power of gift economies. (There's not enough space in one post to go into more about those - I'll cover this separately some time.) Part of that paradigm is that gifts beget gifts. There is an increased desire to pay it forward, especially when you are on the receiving end first.
Even though a basic income should (to my mind) be a legislated right for all, it could still very much feel like a gift. Essentially, the community is saying: "You have a right to be here. You have value. And you shouldn't be compelled to work at something that we decide has value for us, in order for you to eat and live. Your survival, just like this miraculous planet and all the beautiful things inhabiting it, is a gift."
Personally, since I can theoretically live as I do now (without a GBI), that monthly payment would unquestionably inspire me to give most of it away.